By Wim Soetaert; Erick J Vandamme

''Biofuels covers the use and conversion applied sciences of biomass as a renewable source to provide bioenergy in a sustainable means, frequently within the kind of liquid and gaseous biofuels. It offers a wide review of biofuel advancements from either a technical and a cheap perspective. different creation applied sciences for biofuels that exist or are less than improvement are widely coated intensive, facing both Read more...

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An environmental and economic ‘optimum’ removal balances sufficient retention of residues to avoid erosion losses and maintain soil quality while using excess residue as biomass feedstock. The impact of varying levels of stover and straw removal will depend on local conditions and practices. Farmer involvement in the development of residue collection plans will be critical. 5 Erosion Control Past studies of removal effects are helpful, especially for erosion control, but are often incomplete when addressing field removal of crop residues.

J. Gale (2000) ‘Carbon dynamics of surface residue– and root-derived organic matter under simulated no-till,’ Soil Sci. Soc. of Amer. , 64: 190–5. 22. C. Reicosky et al. (1995) ‘Soil organic matter changes resulting from tillage and biomass production,’ Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 50(3): 253 (May). 23. S. Agriculture for Global Climate Change,’ Task Force Report 119. (Ames, Iowa: Council for Agricultural Science and Technology). 24. Bruce Dale, Michigan Statue University, unpublished.

The farmer-investors and others in the community are benefiting from the increased dividends and higher value of their investment. The local economy has also benefited from the jump in local expenditures to improve and expand plant operations. Can processing cellulosic feedstocks produce similar benefits to the farmer and local communities? If not, will expectations for renewable biomass feedstocks be realized? Most cellulosic business models envision a large cellulosic biorefinery processing 700–2000 dry tons per day of feedstock supplied from fields of local farmers.

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Biofuels by Wim Soetaert; Erick J Vandamme
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