By Anna Johnson-Winegar PhD, Karl Semancik COL (ret.) BS, MBA, Robert S. Borowski PhD (auth.), Luther E. Lindler PhD, Frank J. Lebeda PhD, George W. Korch PhD (eds.)
The unencumber of nerve gasoline within the Tokyo subways, the unfold of organic guns, and the anthrax assault of 2001 within the usa show that not just is the specter of such menacing guns actual, but additionally that we needs to urgently organize to accommodate destiny acts of bioterrorism. In organic guns security: Infectious illnesses and Counterbioterrorism, sought after specialists in biodefense research-many from the USA military scientific study Institute of Infectious Diseases-authoritatively delineate the universe of clinical, clinical, and felony matters dealing with the biodefense study group. concerning scientific countermeasures and decontamination, the authors assessment the proof approximately either the aerosol path of an infection and decontamination strategies, and entirely describe the pathogenesis and therapy of quite a few proven pathogens (anthrax, plague, smallpox, Brucellosis, glanders, and Coxiella burnetii). additionally they research how you can notice the presence of those brokers, or different formerly unknown organic guns, and the continuing efforts to counter such brokers, together with proteomic and genomic research as a gateway to higher diagnostics, therapeutics, vaccinations, genotyping, and forensics. extra chapters speak about the improvement and use of expertise to spot and symbolize those infectious organisms and their rising threats.
accomplished and authoritative, organic guns safety: Infectious illnesses and Counterbioterrorism offers researchers, physicians, and policymakers with a valid foundation for knowing not just the illnesses as a result of those infectious organisms, but additionally an appreciation of the universe of bioterrorism difficulties that needs to be mastered to strengthen powerful countermeasures.
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Extra resources for Biological Weapons Defense: Infectious Diseases and Counterbioterrorism
One example of an extensive water-borne disease outbreak resulting from contaminated well-water is the Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter sp. outbreak that occurred in 1999 at a New York State county fair (13). More than 900 illnesses and 2 deaths resulted from this bacterial contamination of well water. Although this event was not a planned terrorist event, the potential for a terrorist to purposefully contaminate a well is apparent. The possibility of a purposeful contamination of a public water fountain should also be considered.
Although no one (except perhaps a future perpetrator) can predict what biological pathogen(s) will be used against an unsuspecting target and how it will be used, the public has been sensitized to the intentional use of infectious disease agents as weapons following the events of late 2001. 5. COMPONENTS OF AN EFFECTIVE BIOTERRORISM RESPONSE: DEVELOPMENT OF BIOTERRORISM RESPONSE PLANS The most comprehensive response plans developed to date to prepare for the use of biological weapons against a civilian population has been the Biological Weapons Improved Response Project (BW-IRP) as developed by the SBCCOM (42).
Water-borne contamination is perhaps more difficult for a terrorist to achieve, because the large volumes and the extensive water purification process in use in industrialized countries should tend to negate a biological contaminant. However, a determined enemy could overcome the purification process. Deleterious effects could also result from purposeful biological contamination of the water supply distribution system after the purification process. A private well-water supply system may be more vulnerable to attack because a private well may have a smaller volume of water and may not have as an extensive water purification process as a public water supply.
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