By Steve Loughran

This moment version of a Manning bestseller has been revised and re-titled to slot the 'In motion' sequence by means of Steve Loughran, an Ant undertaking committer. "Ant in motion" introduces Ant and the way to exploit it for test-driven Java program improvement. Ant itself is relocating to v1.7, a huge revision, on the finish of 2006 so the timing for the e-book is correct. A unmarried program of accelerating complexity, through the ebook, exhibits how an software evolves and the way to address the issues of creating and trying out. Reviewers have praised the book's insurance of large-projects, Ant's complex positive factors, and the main points and intensity of the discussion-all unavailable in other places. this can be a significant revision with the second one half the ebook thoroughly new, together with: the best way to deal with tremendous tasks Library administration company Java non-stop integration Deployment Writing new Ant projects and datatypes"

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Class files would invoke the javac program to compile the source, which doesn’t know or care that it has been invoked by Make. java javac $< The makefile has a phony target, all, which, by virtue of being first in the file, is the default target. jar, which depends on two compiled Java files, packaging them with the JAR program. java) files. In Make, you list the file dependencies, and the tool determines which rules to apply and in what sequence, while the developer is left tracking down bugs related to the need for invisible tab characters rather than spaces at the start of each action.

What does it look like in practice? 1 shows the Ant build file as a graph of targets, each target containing tasks. When the project is built, Ant determines which targets need to be executed, and in what order. Then it runs the tasks inside each target. If a task somehow fails, Ant halts the build. 1 Conceptual view of a build file. The project encompasses a collection of targets. Inside each target are task declarations, which are statements of the actions Ant must take to build that target. Targets can state their dependencies on other targets, producing a graph of dependencies.

This is why automation is so powerful: it starts to give you control of your project. CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCING ANT Ant is Java-based and tries to hide all the platform details it can. It’s also highly extensible in Java itself. This makes it easy to extend Ant through Java code, using all the functionality of the Java platform and third-party libraries. It also makes the build very fast, as you can run Java programs from inside the same Java virtual machine as Ant itself. Putting Ant extensions aside until much later, here are the core concepts of Ant as seen by a user of the tool.

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Ant in Action by Steve Loughran
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