By Ray Spangenburg

Книга The beginning of technological know-how: precedent days to 1699 The beginning of technology: precedent days to 1699Книги Наука. Техника Автор: Ray Spangenburg, Diane Moser Формат: pdf Страниц: 238 Размер: 2,6 ISBN: 0816048517 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Examining the clinical rules built by way of the early Greek philosophers, the advancements of the center a while and the Renaissance, and the momentous discoveries of the medical Revolution within the seventeenth century, this quantity seems to be on the early years of medical suggestion and discovery. masking figures in addition often called Aristotle and Newton, The start of technological know-how: precedent days to 1699 additionally seems past the explicit contributions of key contributors and gives a extra inclusive, international view of the early days of technological know-how.

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While the many translations of Aristotle were made directly from the Greek into Latin, Islamic scientists made a signal contribution in preserving many writings that had otherwise been lost during the destructive invasions by barbarians in western Europe and Alexandria. The Scholastics: Frozen in Time Along with a group of Christian monastics often referred to as “the Scholastics,” Islamic scientists may have contributed to the great adulation of Aristotle in medieval Europe that saw his ideas as the foundation of all knowledge about the natural world.

At first they believed that these influences extended only to kings and kingdoms. With the Greeks, though, and their much more humanlike gods, astrologers began to believe that astrology could also predict the influence of the planets and gods on average humans. Needless to say, with this extension of astrology to the average human being, it became much more popular and was practiced by such important Greek thinkers as Hipparchus and Ptolemy. In fact much of the great Greek achievement in the study of the heavens and the movements of the planets was done in an attempt to identify heavenly bodies more correctly and understand their movements for the purposes of making astrological predictions.

The movements of the planets as well as the stars, the Pythagoreans believed, formed perfect uniform circles, following the most beautiful and perfect geometric form. Ironically, though they had correctly discerned the separate nature of the stars and planets, it was their belief in the circular motion of the heavenly bodies and the spherical shape of the universe surrounding the Earth that would contribute to many confusions that would influence astronomy until the 17th century. Not all the thoughts of the intellectually questing Greeks were turned toward the nature of matter and the form of the heavens.

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The Birth of Science: Ancient Times to 1699 by Ray Spangenburg
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