By Joelle Rollo-Koster; Thomas M. Izbicki (editors)

Show description

Read Online or Download A Companion to the Great Western Schism (1378-1417) (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition) PDF

Best kindle ebooks books

The Morality of Everyday Life: Rediscovering an Ancient Alternative to the Liberal Tradition

Fleming deals an alternative choice to enlightened liberalism, the place ethical and political difficulties are checked out from an target viewpoint and a call made up of point of view that's either rational and universally utilized to all similar instances. He as an alternative locations value at the specific, the neighborhood, and ethical complexity, advocating a go back to premodern traditions for an answer to moral predicaments.

The handbook of real estate lending

The instruction manual of actual property Lending covers the original wishes of actual property and loan lending, highlighting the possibilities and the aptitude difficulties ordinarily confronted within the box. an exceptional evaluate of the genuine property part of the personal loan portfolio, this start-to-finish consultant covers every thing from uncomplicated historical past to hands-on techniques and approaches.

My So-Called Emancipation: From Foster Care to Homelessness for California Youth

This 70-page document records the struggles of foster care adolescence who develop into homeless after turning 18, or "aging out" of the state's care, with out enough training or help for maturity. California's foster care process serves 65,000 kids and adolescence, excess of the other unmarried nation. Of the 4,000 who age out of the process every year, examine indicates, 20 percentage or extra turn into homeless.

Additional info for A Companion to the Great Western Schism (1378-1417) (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition)

Sample text

Civil violence and the initiation of the schism 27 conclave’s inauguration, leaving a small hatch in one of the doors to communicate and bring in food. 70 He retrieved it, but the effort fatigued him. He abandoned the door and returned to his room for several hours. The guards kept watch because the cardinals expected a visit from the 13 caporioni, the heads of Rome’s neighborhoods, and they indeed arrived after the closing bell rang. It was around eight o’clock at night, and the cardinals received them in one of the chapels.

The italics are mine. civil violence and the initiation of the schism 37 Monte Cassino and the cardinal of St. Peter, and the late Gregory XI in Avignon—and the pillaging of the conclave after the crowd thought that St. Peter had been elected. The pillaging of the 1378 conclave signaled some form of “closure,” even though some violence persevered. During the last moment of the conclave, when the door had been broken open, some cardinals escaped the Vatican. Once peace was restored, most of them returned quietly to the palace or to their residence, escorted by the Roman crowd, evidence that the conclave and its pillage had ended and the situation had returned to normal.

Several historians identify the agitation surrounding the conclave as a direct cause of the Schism (the violence precluded a legitimate election because the cardinals had no peace of mind), although they recognize simultaneously that the cardinals’ behavior before and after the conclave followed routine. For example, Guillaume Mollat, in his life of Clement VII for the Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie ecclésiastique, alludes to a charged mood in Rome at the death of Gregory, but he hesitates to lay the blame on anyone specific.

Download PDF sample

A Companion to the Great Western Schism (1378-1417) (Brill's by Joelle Rollo-Koster; Thomas M. Izbicki (editors)
Rated 4.04 of 5 – based on 4 votes